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This section contains descriptions of unexplained facts provided by eyewitnesses or published in the media, as well as the results of their analysis by the group.

UFO. United States

ID #1632741386
Added Mon, 27/09/2021
Author July N.
Sources
Phenomena
Status
Hypothesis

Initial data

Initial information from sources or from an eyewitness
Incident date: 
04.07.1947
Location: 
Сиэтл, WA
United States

New York, New York, TIMES, July 6, 1947, pages 1 and 36.

"Flying saucers" mislead experts

Yesterday, scientists were at a loss to explain the so-called "flying saucers" that observers across the country saw racing across the sky, unless those who first observed the strange phenomena saw a joke of nature, which is now being perpetuated. "people's imagination".

Military and civilian experts in the field of weather and its summer vagaries shrugged their shoulders when they first asked for an explanation. The pilots of the planes and most of the others who were asked to tell about what they saw said that the objects appeared to be moving at a high speed of one to two miles in height. Most reported that all the "saucers" disappeared in the northwest sky.

The messages received in connection with the Fourth of July holiday only aggravated the mystery. The festive crowds and other pilots joined in the statement that they saw bright objects similar to a pancake, and they all flew at high speed. Reports were received from points from the Pacific coast to Nova Scotia and from Canada to the Persian Gulf. Estimates of altitude and speed varied greatly.

The Associated Press reported sightings of such reliable people as Captain EJ Smith of United Air Lines and co-pilot Ralph Stevens, who, along with flight attendant Marty Morrow, described seeing "a round flat object for twelve minutes during a flight west of Boise (Idaho)."

Although the reports of scattered observers, such as picnickers and motorists, were trusted, it was emphasized that a trained weather observer is usually better able to judge what he saw than others.

The first published report of the strange sight was made by Kenneth Arnold of Boise, a businessman pilot, who said that on June 25 in Pendleton, Oregon, he observed nine objects flying in formation at a speed of 1200 mph, like the tail of a kite over the Cascade Mountains of Washington State.

"I don't believe it, but I've seen it," he said.

Yeoman Frank Ryman of the Coast Guard's public relations office in Seattle on July 4 photographed "something" that he claimed was a group of flying saucers. It became known late last night that the army authorities have ordered a full investigation.

According to the Associated Press, representatives of the Civil Aviation Administration in Augusta, Michigan, yesterday saw dozens of missiles flying over the city to the north.

Gordon A. Atwater, the curator of the astronomy department at the Hayden Planetarium, was inclined to believe that the first reports of this strange sight were "completely reliable", but that most of the subsequent ones were caused by "a slight case of meteorological tremor", with some kind of mass hypnosis.

"Ice crystals formed by nature high in the sky can be as good an explanation as any other until we discover the true facts," he said.

He added that the planetarium has been inundated with requests for information since the first messages.

He went on to say that scientists at General Electric and others have created huge ice crystals in the laboratory, about two feet in diameter, but that natural ice crystals created by nature or man in the sky are rarely more than three or three meters in diameter. four thousandths of an inch. The mass of such crystals could reflect the sun's rays like a small mirror, and make this phenomenon visible.

Films about crystals shown

Movies of the formed crystals can be watched daily in the Planetarium. Some of them are much more than two feet across. Controlled laboratory conditions are necessary for their creation.

"Some suggest that flying saucers may be meteorites, but we tend to believe that they do not have a meteorological and astronomical origin," he said. "No meteorites have the shape of disks, and their size varies from a pinhead to a meteorite weighing thirty-six tons.

Dr. Jan Schilt, a Rutherford professor of astronomy at Columbia, who was consulted by phone, said that he is more inclined to believe that the true answer will be found in some phenomena observed during the last two wars, when flying planes whipped up the atmosphere and caused distortions of light rays that passed soon after.

He said that this effect may be mainly of an electrical nature due to the fact that the propeller and wings are moving, causing something like "smoke rings". According to him, birds can also create such an effect. He went on to say that if the average motorist carefully observed the effect of his headlight against the background of fog or clouds, driving on a steep hill, one would see the same thing.

"I am, of course, inclined to believe that a very simple explanation for flying saucers will be found in this way, "he said," and that some who have blamed deeper and stranger things for this will be more careful in the future in spreading half-truths or bad reasoning. observable things of nature ".

Remembered the Loch Ness monster

Yesterday, a new, but slightly reduced series of reports, in addition to the message from Augusta, Michigan, came from Port Huron, Michigan, Portland, Oregon, Akron, Ohio; St. John, North Carolina; Summerside, Prince Edward Island; Sherbrooke, Quebec; New Orleans and Philadelphia.

Ivan R. Tannehill, the head of the department of weather reports and forecasts of the US Weather Bureau, was openly skeptical about this, the Associated Press reports.

"I need to see one before I guess what it is," he said.

Dr. Newbern Smith of the Washington National Bureau of Standards suggested:

"It's like one of the stories about the Loch Ness monster. When the messages appear, everyone thinks that they see it."

The object, which was found on a farm in Ohio and sparked speculation as to whether it could be one of the mysterious "saucers", was announced by the Army Air Forces as a radiosonde, a six-pointed kite-shaped frame covered with metal foil. and about forty inches tall. It rises in a balloon, and then is tracked by radar to determine the direction and speed of the wind at different altitudes.

The "scientist" offers an atomic trace

LOS ANGELES, July 5. (AP) - An unidentified "nuclear physics scientist" from the California Institute of Technology is quoted today as suggesting that flying saucers may be the result of experiments on the "transmutation of atomic energy." But Dr. S. S. Lauritsen, head of the department of nuclear physics at the California Institute of Technology, denied that the source was a member of his staff.

The Evening Herald and Express described its informant as a researcher of the atomic project in Manhattan and said that he asked not to be named.

Lilienthal's idea

DENVER, July 5. (AP) - David Lilienthal, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, said today in a telephone interview with the Denver Post that the "flying saucers" reported over the United States are in no way related to atomic experiments.

The Post reported that the reporter had this brief phone conversation with Mr. Lilienthal in Washington.

The reporter explained the purpose of his call and reported that one scientist from the West Coast said that the disks were related to the "transmutation of atomic energy."

Mr. Lilienthal interrupted him, saying:

"Of course, I can't forbid anyone to say stupid things."

Original news

New York, New York, TIMES, 6 July 1947, pages 1 & 36

'Flying Saucers' Mystify Experts; May Be Prank of Nature, they Say
By T. R. KENNEDY Jr.

Scientists yesterday were at a loss for an explanation of the so-called "flying saucers" reported seen speeding through the sky by observers throughout the country, unless it was that those who first observed the strange phenomena beheld a prank of nature, now being perpetuated by the "popular imagination."

Military and civilian experts in the weather and its summer vagaries shrugged their shoulders when first asked for an explanation. Airplane pilots and most others who were asked for accounts of what they had seen said the objects apparently were traveling at high speeds from one to two miles high. Most reported that the "saucers" were all vanishing in the northwesterly sky.

Reports which came in over the July Fourth holiday only served to deepen the mystery. Holiday throngs and more fliers joined in saying that they had seen bright objects, pancake-like in shape, and all going at high speeds. The reports came from points from the Pacific Coast to Nova Scotia and from Canada to the Gulf. Estimates of altitudes and speeds varied widely.

The Associated Press reported observations by such reliable men as Capt. E. J. Smith of United Air Lines and Co-pilot Ralph Stevens, who, together with Stewardess Marty Morrow, described seeing the "round, flat object for twelve minutes while flying west from Boise, Idaho."

While reports from scattered observers such as picnickers and motorists received credence, it was emphasized that a trained observer in weather phenomena was generally better able to judge what he saw than others.

The first published report of the strange sight came from Kenneth Arnold of Boise, a business man-pilot, who said that on June 25 at Pendleton, Ore., he had observed nine objects flying at "1,200 miles an hour in formation, like the tail of a kite," over Washington State's Cascade Mountains.

"I don't believe it, but I saw it," he said.

Yeoman Frank Ryman, of the Coast Guard public relations office at Seattle, took a picture on July 4 of "something" that he declared was a group of flying saucers. Late yesterday it became known that the Army authorities had ordered a full investigation.

Reported Seen Over Maine

Civil Aeronautical Administration officials at Augusta, Me., The Associated Press reported, yesterday saw dozens of the missiles over the city traveling northerly.

Gordon A. Atwater, curator of Astronomy of the Hayden Planetarium, was inclined to believe that the first reports of the strange sight was "entirely authentic," but that most subsequent ones were brought on by a "mild case of meteorological jitters," with some "mass hypnosis" thrown in.

"Ice crystals, formed by nature high in the sky, could be as good an explanation as any until we discover the true facts," he said.

The Planetarium, he added, had been deluged with requests for information ever since the first reports.

He went on to say that scientists of the General Electric Company and others had made huge ice crystals in the laboratory, some two feet in diameter, but that natural ice crystals manufactured by nature or man in the sky were seldom larger in diameter than three or four thousandths of an inch. A mass of such crystals could reflect the sun's rays like a small mirror and make the phenomena visible.

Movies of Crystals shown

Motion pictures of the forming crystals can be seen daily in the Planetarium. Some of them are much larger than two feet across. Controlled laboratory conditions are necessary for their creation.

"Some have suggested that the flying saucers might be meteorites, but we are inclined to believe they are neither meteorological ar astronomical in origin," he said. "No meteorites are disk-shaped, and they vary from a pinhead in size to one weighing thirty-six tons.

Dr. Jan Schilt, Rutherford Professor of Astronomy at Columbia, who was consulted over the telephone, said he was more inclined to believe the true answer would be found from some phenomena seen during the two last wars, when speeding airplanes churned up the atmosphere and caused distortions of light rays which passed through soon afterward.

He said this effect might be largely electrical in nature, due to the turmoil of the propeller and wings, causing something like "smoke-rings." Birds also, he said, could readily create the effect. He went on to say that if the average motorist carefully observed the effect of his headlight against mist or clouds as he passed up a steep hill the same thing could be seen.

"I am certainly inclined to believe a very simple explanation for the flying saucers will thus be found," he stated, "and that some who blamed it on more profound and strange things will be more careful in the future about spreading half truths or badly observed things of nature."

Loch Ness Monster Recalled

Yesterday a fresh but slightly diminished crop of reports, besides the one from Augusta, Me., came from Port Huron, Mich., Portland, Ore., Akron, Ohio; St. John, N. B.; Summerside, Prince Edward Island; Sherbrooke, Que.; New Orleans and Philadelphia.

Ivan R. Tannehill, chief of the U. S. Weather Bureau's division of synoptic reports and forecasts, frankly was skeptical, according to The Associated Press.

"I'll have to see one before I make a guess what they are," he said.

Dr. Newbern Smith of the National Bureau of Standards, Washington, guessed:

"It is like one of these Loch Ness Monster stories. Once the reports get about, everyone thinks they see it."

An object which was found on an Ohio farm and caused speculation as to whether it might not be one of the mysterious "saucers" was declared by the Army Air Forces to be a radiosonde, a six-pointed kite-like framework covered with metal foil and about forty inches high. It is hoisted aloft by a balloon and then tracked by radar to determine wind direction and velocity at various altitudes.

_______

"Scientist" suggests Atomic Tie

LOS ANGELES, July 5 (AP) - An unidentified "scientist in nuclear physics" at the California Institute of Technology was quoted today as suggesting the flying saucers might be the result of "transmutation of atomic energy" experiments. But Dr. C. C. Lauritsen, head of Caltech's nuclear physics department, denied the source was a member of his staff.

The Evening Herald and Express described its informant as a researcher on the Manhattan Atomic project and said he asked his name be withheld.

_______

Lilienthal Scouts Idea

DENVER, July 5 (AP) - David Lilienthal, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, told The Denver Post in a telephone interview tonight that the "flying saucers" reported over the United States were in no way connected with atomic experiments.

The Post said a reporter held this brief telephone conversation with Mr. Lilienthal in Washington.

The reporter explained the purpose of his call, and related reports that a West Coast scientist had said the discs were related to "transmutation of atomic energy."

Mr. Lilienthal interrupted to say "of course, I can't prevent anyone from saying foolish things."

Hypotheses

List of versions containing features matching the eyewitness descriptions or material evidence

Vortex ring

Toroidal vortex (also vortex ring) is a phenomenon in which the region of rotating fluid moving through the same or a different area of a fluid when the flow pattern takes the shape of a toroid (donut).

Массовый психоз (Массовая истерия)

Mass psychosis is a mental epidemic, which is based on podrazhaet and suggestibility. He can also meet with names such as "mass hysteria", "collective obsessive behavior" or "collective hysteria".

Birds

Due to the peculiarities of the bird's flight, it is possible to capture a moment in the photo when an ordinary bird will resemble a "classic" UFO in shape.

Booster, the rocket and tracks

For UFOs often take stages of rockets, parts of space ships burning in the atmosphere, the launches of various missile technology for military purposes, etc., and traces from them. They attract attention mostly in the dark, but in the day time have a greater aura of mystery.

Formation of the track of the launch vehicle occurs in the tropopause (the layer between the troposphere and stratosphere), which sharply reduced the vertical temperature gradient. The emergence of the so-called "jellyfish" influenced by water vapor, which are subject to enhanced condensation.

Airplane / Helicopter

An aircraft heavier than air for flights in the atmosphere (and outer space (e.g. An orbital aircraft)), using the aerodynamic lift of a glider to keep itself in the air (when flying within the atmosphere) and the thrust of a power (propulsion) installation for maneuvering and compensating for the loss of total mechanical energy to drag. 



A rotorcraft in which the lift and thrust required for flight are created by one or more main rotors powered by an engine or several engines. They differ in maneuverability, the ability to hover and almost vertical takeoff.

Investigation

Versions testing, their confirmation or refutation. Additional information, notes during the study of materials
Not enough information

Resume

The most likely explanation. The version, confirmed by the investigation
Not enough information

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