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This section contains descriptions of unexplained facts provided by eyewitnesses or published in the media, as well as the results of their analysis by the group.

UFO. Russia

ID #1707390839
Added Thu, 08/02/2024
Author July N.

Initial data

Initial information from sources or from an eyewitness
Incident date: 
15.03.1978 20:30
Kareliya, Respublika

E.P. Savolainen writes to the Commission on:

On March 15, at 20-30, suddenly a huge ball of bright red color appeared on the horizon in the direction of the southeast. I was at that time near the house (in the village of Yuneristi) clearing snow. The ball was moving from south to east along the radius of the Earth. Then suddenly he changed the direction of movement and began to fall steeply to the ground. At 20-50 ball. disappeared over the horizon.

When the ball was moving, a small fiery tail was observed behind it. Externally, the ball was slightly smaller in size than the size of the Moon at full moon. It is impossible to determine the distance to the ball, the angle from the observation point was from 58 to 15 degrees above the forest line. The movement of the ball was smooth, with constant speed. The sky that evening was clear and starry. There was no moon in sight. This was not the first time I had observed such a phenomenon, but nothing was known about UFOs before, and therefore I did not attach any importance to these observations, considering them to be scientific experiments.


List of versions containing features matching the eyewitness descriptions or material evidence


Meteor, "shooting star" is a phenomenon that occurs when small meteor bodies (for example, fragments of comets or asteroids) burn up in the Earth's atmosphere. A similar phenomenon of greater intensity (brighter than magnitude -4) it's called a fireball.


This category includes not only pyrotechnic projectiles visible in the sky, but also traces of exploded projectiles, their fragments and other similar activities. 

Pyrotechnics is a branch of technology related to the technology of preparing combustible compounds and burning them to obtain a certain signal or effect.

Divided into:

Booster, the rocket and tracks

For UFOs often take stages of rockets, parts of space ships burning in the atmosphere, the launches of various missile technology for military purposes, etc., and traces from them. They attract attention mostly in the dark, but in the day time have a greater aura of mystery.

Formation of the track of the launch vehicle occurs in the tropopause (the layer between the troposphere and stratosphere), which sharply reduced the vertical temperature gradient. The emergence of the so-called "jellyfish" influenced by water vapor, which are subject to enhanced condensation.


Rocket launches (from

  • Site: Plesetsk (NIIP-53, GIK-1, GNIIP) (USSR / Russia) Vehicle: Kosmos-3M Payload: Kosmos 994 (Zaliv #25)


Versions testing, their confirmation or refutation. Additional information, notes during the study of materials
Not enough information


The most likely explanation. The version, confirmed by the investigation
Not enough information

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