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This section contains descriptions of unexplained facts provided by eyewitnesses or published in the media, as well as the results of their analysis by the group.

UFO. United States

ID #1705232952
Added Sun, 14/01/2024
Author July N.
Sources
Phenomena
Status
Result
Resume

Initial data

Initial information from sources or from an eyewitness
Incident date: 
2019
Location: 
Балтимор, MD
United States

"Fireball, St. Elmo's fire, jumping sun dog... or SOMETHING? What is it?" The video uploaded to YT on September 5, 2020, the description explains that it happened over the city of Baltimore, apparently sometime in 2019.

Original news

Creativation

"Ball Lightning, St Elmo’s Fire, Leaping Sundog.. or SOMETHING? What is it?", uploaded to YT on Sept. 5, 2020 the description explains this as having been over Baltimore city, apparently sometime in 2019.

_____________

This bizarre static electricity phenomenon occurred above an isolated thunderstorm that popped up unexpectedly, then stalled above Baltimore City on a day without rain in the forecast. It wreaked unprecedented havoc, caused major flooding, 3 alarm fires from lightning, over 450 down trees and limbs, and knocked power out around the city. I don’t know what exactly is causing the bizarre light in the clouds, but it was the most unforgettable storm I’ve ever seen in the area.

Hypotheses

List of versions containing features matching the eyewitness descriptions or material evidence

Halo

Halo usually appears around the Sun or moon, sometimes around other powerful light sources such as street lights. There are many types of halos, but they are mostly caused by ice crystals in Cirrus clouds at a height of 5-10 km in the upper troposphere. The form of the observed halo depends on the shape and arrangement of crystals. Reflected and refracted by the ice crystals, the light often turns into a spectrum, which makes halo look like a rainbow, but a halo in low light has a low chroma, which is associated with the peculiarities of twilight vision.

Crown Discharge (St. Elmo's Lights)

A continuous spark, which is usually described as a "blue flame" on the tops of ship masts, airplane wings, flagpoles, spires, street lights, trees and other tall pointed objects, where a smaller surface area requires less voltage to attract oppositely charged particles to each other. Sometimes it looks like small lightning bolts on the surface.

Mounting

Photo editing began to be used almost immediately after the advent of photography techniques. They were divided into methods of photomontage without manipulation of the image after receiving the photo and retouching of the photo itself or its negative (plate, film, etc.)

Ball lightning

A rare natural phenomenon, a unified physical theory of the origin and course of which has not been presented to date.

There are about 200 theories explaining the phenomenon, but none of them has received absolute recognition in the academic environment. Since this phenomenon was introduced into the scientific sphere by the English physician and researcher of electrical engineering William Snow Harris in 1843, and a scientist of the French Academy Francois Arago in 1855, many hypotheses were put forward. Here are selectively some of them:

Investigation

Versions testing, their confirmation or refutation. Additional information, notes during the study of materials

This is a phenomenon they callThe Crown flash. This is a rare optical effect caused by the alignment of ice crystals. Ice crystals are affected by electric fields around the cloud, and they reflect or refract sunlight in different directions. When the electric fields change due to lightning or other factors, the ice crystals also change their orientation, creating the appearance of flashing or dancing light.

Resume

The most likely explanation. The version, confirmed by the investigation

Halo

Halo usually appears around the Sun or moon, sometimes around other powerful light sources such as street lights. There are many types of halos, but they are mostly caused by ice crystals in Cirrus clouds at a height of 5-10 km in the upper troposphere. The form of the observed halo depends on the shape and arrangement of crystals. Reflected and refracted by the ice crystals, the light often turns into a spectrum, which makes halo look like a rainbow, but a halo in low light has a low chroma, which is associated with the peculiarities of twilight vision.

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