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This section contains information about phenomena that are generally believed to have a supernatural, mystical nature, and the very existence of which is currently in doubt.Phenomena Hierarchy

Guardian spirits

Added Mon, 10/02/2020
Область распространения All over the world

This section includes all the guardian spirits of natural places and resources, to commercial buildings created by man.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Phenomenon in mass culture



In the folklore of the Komi peoples of this hostess of cereals, bread, mistress of flora and fauna, mistress of the forest. She lives in a dense forest, listen to her animals and birds.

It is connected with the bottom or other edge of the world. Her world is separated from the human world forest, mountain, river, tar fire, etc.

She has long teeth, often iron, iron nails, long nose, pressed against the ceiling (the floor, in a corner, with his help, she drowns oven or put into the oven the loaves), hairy eyes, often blind, with the nose she smells better than he sees.


In Korean mythology, one of the spirits of the home. He's hiding in the house for the biggest beam in the second moon, strictly following the observance of cleanliness and order, and certainly punishes sloppiness can set the house on fire.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Abzar iyase

A character of Turkic-Tatar mythology, a spirit inhabiting a yard, stable or stable; one of the spirits "iya" (literally the owner of the stable).

Beliefs in Abzar iyas are common among Kazan Tatars, Bashkirs and Mishars. Corresponds to Mal iyase, Zangi (Sangi) baba and Pasha ana in the mythology of the Siberian Tatars; The map of puse among the Chuvash; Isegei ayysyt among the Yakuts.


Spirits are the patrons of alpine meadows and mountain springs from Celtic mythology. They were also mentioned in medieval European (in particular Italian) folklore.

Aguans wander through alpine meadows, swim in rivers and lakes and protect the purity of the water. They look like tall, beautiful women with long, loose hair.


The guardian spirit of Rapanui families in the mythology of Easter Island. They have a rather thin build, while they are incredibly strong. They are able to take the form of any object of living and inanimate nature.

Aku-Aku live in inaccessible places of the island and from time to time are shown to residents in the form of various animals, carrying good or bad omens.


In Tatar mythology, the spirit of the cave; a representative of the other world, the keeper of hidden treasures. Literally – Golden-haired.

It is assumed that the image of Altynchech was formed in the era of matriarchy.

In the legends of the medieval (Bulgarian) period, apparently, under the influence of historical events (during the struggle of the Bulgarian people for the preservation of independence and integrity of their state), the image of Altynchech acquired the features of a female warrior.


The master spirit of the forest hut in the mythology of the peoples of the Komi Republic. The true stories of his appearance is not described. There he is in the image of forest spirit, the devil, the owner of the hunting cabin, kicking out (punishing) the hunter or competing with a hunter.

In fairy tales it is described as an old man (or "old man with a couple of inches"), whose image alternates with image of a bear.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


In Scandinavian mythology, the spirit of the ash tree in the form of a woman. She is able to magically take away the power of a warrior or send bad luck.


One of the spirits of the forest in Slavic mythology. It looks like a small, puzatenky gray-haired old man with puffed-out cheeks, which can turn into any stone or sheet in the forest. He loves to take a man's head, winding in the thicket. A personification of the echo.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


Bathing of fairy in Finnish folklore. In Finnish folklore played a significant role in various bathing spirits - fairies and gnomes. The spirit of the sauna was Leilu and fairy Autoritar and her son Autoreisen.


Ahti or Ahto is also the Finnish sea king. The spirit of the depths, giving fish. He lives at the bottom of the sea in the Akhtola palace with his wife Vellamo (the goddess of the sea, lakes and storm, who is sometimes depicted as a mermaid).

The god and patron saint of reservoirs, the sea and fishing, he was depicted as a man with a mustache and beard made of moss. He probably possesses some fragments of the Sampo mill, and Vetekhinen and Iku-Turso live with him underwater.

Oh my

The main water elf in Finnish and Karelian mythology. In the Old Kalevala and most often in folk poems, the water elf is called Ahti. 

The God of the depths, the master of the waters, helping fishermen and giving fish. In folk poetry, he often acts as a hero.


In Belarusian mythology, a domestic spirit that takes care of cattle. He watched over him, increased the offspring, drove away diseases from cattle, and predators in the pasture. According to the descriptions, he himself was horned or even with a ram's head.


In Germanic folklore creatures living in the cellars of the houses. If every day they put a pitcher of beer, they will monitor the cleanliness and order in the cellars.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


The spirit from the mythology of the Kazan Tatars and Bashkirs.

Pӗҫuri is the name of a Bichura, a household spirit-enricher, among the Tatarstan Chuvash.

He looked like a little man in a red shirt. Usually such spirits lived in deep forests in clearings, but it could be brought home. In this case, he settled under the floor or in the bath.

They could be playing pranks: make noise, hide things, pile on sleeping people, scare them, but you could negotiate with them and then they helped to get rich.


In English lower mythology, the house spirit. It was believed that he was capable of evil tricks (if angry, he could break dishes in the house, untie horses and cows, frighten with sudden sounds, etc.) 

These creatures are shaggy, with long yellow teeth.

Spirits are usually tied to the house, and in this case the only way to get rid of them is to move. However, it happens that Boggart moves in with the inhabitants of the house.


The evil spirit is the master of the swamp in East Slavic mythology. The female version is called bolotnitsa. 

Other names: bolotny, bolotny dedko, the fool of the swamp, the swamp devil, the swamp goblin, the king of the swamp, the swamp; as well as antsybal /antsibul /antsibalka /antsibolit / anchibal/ anchibol, zybochnik, kochechny, omutny; belor. balotnik; Ukrainian bolotyanik, antsibol, netecha[, ocheretyanik (from ocheret — "reed"). 

Botukan Sovil

A house spirit living in a barn, from the Highlands of Scotland, who, pitying the infirm old men, threshed grain for them.


A kind of brownie from the Bottom of Scotland. Spirit, usually living in mountains and forests, but can live at home. Can help with the housework.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Buka (Welsh folklore)

The Welsh variety of brownie is called Buka (Bwca). It is also a domestic helper spirit.

If you keep a good relationship with him and insert a saucer filled with fresh cream into the hallway every evening, then buka will be imbued with good feelings for the owners of the house and will help them.


The character described by P. M. Shpilevsky in the article "Belarusian folk legends". 

Looks like a man with horse ears and hooves, wears human clothes. The creature lives in a stable, where it takes care of the breeding of horses, protects from diseases, protects at night in the pasture from attacks of predatory animals and evil spirits.

Modern folklore researchers consider the creature to be an author's fiction.


Vakul (aka Va, Kul vasa, chukla, i.e. "curve") — this is a mythological character of the Komi peoples, a merman who lives in reservoirs with his family. This is the spirit of the underwater world, which has an evil character, because of which it messes with people (it may even attack and drown), but it can also help a person in gratitude for the service rendered. Vakul is served by watermen, who are called vasas. 


The master spirit of the water of the mythology of the peoples of Komi, water.


Vedenemo ("mother of waters") is the Karelian Goddess of water. It resembles a mermaid with the body of a fish, the torso and the head of a human woman.

Like the Greek siren, she sings and seduces people into the dark depths. Fishermen offered their first catch to appease Vedenemo, and seeing her was considered a very bad omen.


Vette or Vette (et al.-skand. Vættr, German. Wicht) is the spirit of nature in Germano-Scandinavian mythology.

In a broad sense, to the vettiras (al.-skand. vættir — plural of vette) refers to all supernatural beings: aces, Vanes, Alves and Turs. One of the varieties of vette (vettirov, et al.-skand. Vættir) are landvettir — guardian spirits of a locality or an entire country.

Vizh mascoma mort

Vizh mascoma mort ("the man in the yellow clothes"). A huge bloodthirsty forest spirit-eater from the mythology of the peoples of the Komi Republic. According to legend, it appears failure to comply with fishing rites and asks, if not to feed his fill, then he eats the person. To get rid of it, you need to grab a tree branch.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


House gnomes from German folklore. They look like little people who help run the household. Etymologically related to the Scandinavian vette.

According to beliefs, these creatures lived everywhere: in houses, in courtyards, but especially under the ground, rocks and rocks.


Vishaps (arm. վիշապներ — snake, dragon) — ancient mythological creatures, which were depicted in the form of tall stone statues.

Water spirits from the mythologies of the Armenian Highlands and Near Asia. In honor of them, people carved images out of stone and installed them at underground water sources. Later they became associated with evil spirits and dragons.


Water spirits are supernatural beings whose activities are connected with water. They can be masters of seas, rivers, lakes, swamps or the water element as a whole. They are found in the mythologies of most peoples of the world, but are considered typical representatives of Slavic demonology.

Vodyaniy (also vodnik, vodyanik, water grandfather, water jester, vodovik; chesh. vodník; v.-luzh. wodby muž, wodnykus; slovene. povodnj, vodni mož) — in Slavic mythology, the spirit inhabiting the water, the master of the waters.


In Belarusian mythology, a domestic spirit that looks like a small anthropomorphic creature with dark thick and long hair. He has big seven-fingered palms with long nails. He scratches and tickles men's noses. Women and girls - grabs their breasts or leans on them with his whole body, making it difficult to breathe, shaggy hair. He scares children by tickling their heels.


Vorsa (aka vorkul or "forest devil", vora-mort or "forest man", as well as vorys from Komi-Permyaks) — a mythological character of the Komi peoples, a goblin. The Komi-Zyryans considered him an evil spirit, and the Komi-Permyaks had him close to the image of a mighty deity. The pile does not cast shadows, and the echo does not respond to the barking of his dog. 


A demonic spirit in Ukrainian mythology, he makes his master rich.

It could also become a miscarriage 7 years after the abortion. He lives in the attic, eats only unsalted food, loves flour, milk and sugar. Provides the wealth of the owner of the house, takes care of the cattle.

Sometimes there are several of them in the house, then all the housework is distributed among all of them: one guards the house from thieves (like a scarbnik), another takes care of the apiary (like a beekeeper), the third works in the field.


In Belarusian mythology, the forest spirit or the goblin. He looks like a huge old grandfather overgrown with gray moss or a gray bear. All forest animals and birds obey Him. It can take on different guises. 

Gayun has gay granddaughters, funny and playful girls.


In Belarusian mythology, the forest spirit and the granddaughter of the goblin. In winter, she is covered with thick snow-white fur, except for her face and braid (which remains light brown). In the spring, the wool falls off, and she becomes an ordinary girl. Treats animals, can indicate the location of the fern flower on Kupala night.

Gay grandfather keeps granddaughters in strictness. But every now and then they run off to where the young people are having fun. If you like the dress, they can pull it off the girl.

Pea woman

In Polish mythology, this is a rather strong field spirit, dressed in a dress made of pea tops, with pea shoots instead of hair on his head. He wanders through the fields at noon in summer. It can strangle a person resting in the shade or an unattended child. 


A hardworking domestic spirit from Scottish and Irish folklore. He is short, but broad-shouldered and hairy. Has great power.

The Gruagachs of the Scottish Highlands often wore rich clothes, had golden hair and looked after cattle, whereas the Ulster Grogahs are naked and hairy men four feet (1.2 m) tall, while if they give him clothes, he immediately leaves the house in which he lived crying.

The mode of miracles

The master spirit of the threshing floor, the bean goose in the mythology of the peoples of the Komi Republic.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


In Germano-Scandinavian mythology, a brownie who provides services to the owners of the house is most often small (to find a lost thing, fix broken dishes), but according to some sources he could appear in front of the owners and help with cleaning, washing, etc.

In the texts of the Elder Edda, Gutgin is described as a being similar to a man (an old man) small in stature with pointed ears and protruding canines of the lower jaw. He is usually dressed in pieces of cloth or wool.


Dave (lit. deive - "goddess") - in the mythology of the Lithuanians - spirits, goddesses.

Dave was introduced as beautiful women with long hair and big breasts.

They were considered excellent needlewomen, they were especially good at spinning and weaving. It was believed that Deyve was persecuted by mortals who were engaged in such work on Thursdays - the day of the thunder god, with whom Deyve were closely associated.

Jasi Jatere

Jasy Jatere or Jasi Jatere is the name of an important figure in Guarani mythology. One of the seven cursed children of Tau and Kerana. 

Jasi Jater, which literally means "a small piece of the moon", is unique among his brothers in that he does not have a monstrous appearance.


A creature from the mythology of the borderlands between Scotland and England. He is considered a ghost, tied to a certain place. He could also be a house spirit similar to a brownie, and could also guard the treasure. The ego is distinguished by a not very developed mind.

The first mention of Dobie falls on the "Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft" by Walter Scott, now known mainly thanks to the Harry Potter books.


In Belarusian and Polish mythology, the forest spirit, which remains the patron of the trees used in the construction of the hut, while becoming a house spirit.

He can change his height, appear in the form of snakes, birds, as well as creatures completely covered with black wool — sheep, dogs and even shaggy people. Often helps with the housework.


In Belarusian folklore, a female house spirit (the daughter of house spirits), prone to lovemaking with human guys.


Phenomena count: 3

The house of the Slavic peoples is called the mythological spirit - the owner and patron of the house. He usually appears to be a shaggy creature of small stature. Sometimes it has animal features, but more often it looks like an ordinary short person. He can also take the form of any family member (especially absent), an animal (most often snakes, weasels, cats, roosters, rats). Sometimes he is naughty or, on the contrary, helps with the housework.


House spirit in Spanish, Portuguese and Mexican folklore.

Etymologically, it is a derivative of "dueno", which means "master", or rather, "master of the house".

He has a short stature, a long goatee beard, unusually strong hands and an extremely low and deep voice. There is a mention that one of their hands is made of wool, and the other is made of metal.

The creature can point to the treasure, which then turned into ashes, ashes, leaves, etc.


A positive character of Belarusian mythology. Eunik lives in Ovin (belor. evnya, eynya, asets) — a shed in the manor yard, where sheaves used to be dried in the village before threshing. In the village, houses were built with a bathhouse, and ovin was often combined with it.

Its function is to maintain a fire in the drying oven of the sheep, so that the sheaves and grain dry well after harvesting and as a result, the grain is well threshed and stored in winter.


The spirit is the owner of the field among Belarusians. His female version is a peasant woman. This is the ancient Belarusian god of fertility and autumn.

He looks like a little old man with a long beard. The inhabitant walks through the fields and makes sure that the harvest in the fields is well harvested. The inhabitant found the badly threshed ears thrown, collected them in sheaves and transferred them to the plots of more careful owners.

It has been described (and probably invented) a folklorist Pavel Shpilevsky (Drevlyansky).


The Seligens (Salaweiber, Salige Frauen, Saligen, Salkweiber) are female forest spirits in German folklore.

In German folklore, forest spirits looking like blonde, blue-eyed women dressed in white dresses. They could help with the housework, help find the way in the forest, tell secret knowledge about the healing properties of plants. They left if they felt that one of the family members would die.


In the mythology of the Kazan and Siberian Tatars, the Turkic-speaking peoples of Central Asia, the North Caucasus, Altai and Sayan, spirits are masters and patrons of human habitation, stable, water, wind, forests, roads, etc. Literally "lord", "lord", "host".

Among the peoples of Altai and Sayan, the spirits of the mountains (tag-eezi) and taiga are also considered the patrons of the genus. Oia protect their habitat.

They are mostly harmless, but actions unfriendly to them can cause reciprocal unkind actions.


In Dutch and Danish folklore, a spirit living in a mill. He performs the necessary work at the mill at night: grinding grain, guarding sacks of flour, repairing millstones. It looks like a small man in an old caftan or completely naked.


In the mythology of the Avars, a domestic spirit in the guise of a white snake, bringing prosperity and well-being.

According to beliefs Each one is sometimes placed on the jug (turning his head to the throat of the jug), and then the contents of the vessel are multiplied, the effect of the "evil eye" is neutralized.

It is believed that the plants touched by Each one are rapidly growing.​‌‌​‌‌​


Forest spirit from the mythology of the peoples of the Komi Republic whose sole function is the separation of Chicks upland game to live in pairs.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Callah Vare

A creature from the mythology of Scotland. This is a skinny witch with a blue face, who personified winter. She is the patroness of wild animals and fishing. Capable of turning into a stone or a girl.


A creature from the folklore of the Komi peoples. He lives in a hut located in a remote forest, and he is served by wolves. Hostile to people, but lets go of those who guess the riddle given to them.

The main function is to protect the fire in his furnace, which he constantly inflates. He has a fiery breath, and his death is in the most red-hot brand available in his furnace.

The word is given in V. Dahl's dictionary as the "local Siberian" name of a shaman.


In Fino-Karelian mythology, Keijukainen is a beautifully dressed, shiny, white spirit of nature.  


A creature from English folklore living in a mill. He looks like a small, mouthless man with a huge nose. Usually he helps with the housework, can announce the death of the mill owner or other losses in the family with a loud howl. Sometimes naughty.


There are "pure", that is, not sworn treasures, they can be taken by anyone without harm to themselves. But most of the treasures are "unclean", cursed and are under the protection of evil spirits. 

In Slavic folklore, there is a spirit guarding treasures. It has different names for different peoples. Russians have a kladenets, a storekeeper, a layun, a tickler, a kopsha, a storeroom demon; Ukrainians have a skarbnik, in Polish it is called skarbnik, bazyliszek, Belarusians call this creature a dziedka, Czechs a cervený mužik, in Bulgaria - stopan, saibia.


In Slavic mythology, a spirit living in a storage cage is a brownie's assistant. Keeper of the cage and various utility rooms. He is very small in height, with long hair and beard, his clothes are in flour. During the day he sleeps off, and at night he goes out to play pranks. Arranges an inspection of things, shifts them from place to place.

Western Ukrainians have a hundred-year-old, which is akin to a cage, it protects the hundred-year-old, brings prosperity.


Brownies and spirits-guardians of underground wealth in mythology Northern Europe.

They are good-natured, but they could cause chaos and disorder in the house in response to neglect. In Germanic mythology, it is a special kind of elves or alves, akin to dwarves (dwarves). Those are called mainly the spirits of the hearth, approximately corresponding to brownies, but sometimes the same name is applied to mountain spirits.


In Japanese mythology, the spirit of the tree or the tree itself, in which this spirit lives. The delay of the echo in the mountains or valley is attributed to the nominal. It looks like a dim ball of light or a blurry figure of a little man.


A creature from the mythology of the Komi peoples. He lives in a fishing hut, probably being an analogue of a brownie. The name of the spirit roughly translates as "a creature with big crooked legs", has parallels in folklore: chukly-mukly "crooked-oblique", chukyl-mukyl "tj", as well as ji maklya (a character in children's songs).


A creature from Karelo-Finnish mythology. Kratti, mentioned by Agricola and Forsius, is the master of the treasures, guarding them.

However, later the name is forgotten. Later, in folk tales, it is replaced by aarni, meaning the treasure itself or the owner guarding it.  

Midsummer Dzyadok

In Belarusian folklore, forest spirit, to collect "paparats-Kvetka" (fern flower) in a Midsummer night. It is possible to learn from a distance at the glowing basket filled with glowing flowers. If to appease him, we can share the flower.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


The Brazilian spirit of the forest appears in the image of a terrible man riding a wild boar with his feet turned in the opposite direction, as well as with fiery red (or even just burning) hair or wool, or even with feathers on his head, or even with the head of a night bird.

"Kuru" is a boy and "pira" is a body, which means "with the body of a boy."

He can also create illusions and make a sound similar to a high-pitched whistle to scare and drive his victim to madness. 


In Karelian and Finnish mythology, Kytöläinen, according to information from Ganander, was the master of the forest, from whose tears trees grew:

"Kutelaini cried a lot, Viholaini roared. A tear ran from his eyes, dripped one after another, stuck it on the stumps of the willow...".

He is closely related to Kuyunyaini, if not the same owner.


Köndös, a creature from Karelo-Finnish mythology mentioned by Agricola and Forsius, helps with field work.


In Basque folklore, spirits are the guardians of springs and caves in the guise of women with chicken or duck paws instead of legs. They often help people around the house for a fee.


In Slavic folklore, the spirit, turns into the dog barking and guarding the treasure.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

The devil

Phenomena count: 1

The devil – spirit master of the forest in the mythology of Eastern Slavs. It belongs to the same class of beings that house perfumes, perfume water areas and field spirits.

Are they rare

Liekki (Liekkiö) is a creature from Karelo-Finnish mythology. Agricola claimed that Liekkii controlled the roots and trees. Later in folk legends it is mentioned as a ghost.


The hell of Finnish mythology. It is the spirit-protector of the forest, very similar to the image of the devil in Slavic mythology. Protects the forest and its animals.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


Lintukotolainen, a small, humanoid creature from Karelo-Finnish mythology.

Also known as Taivaanäareläinen, he was responsible for nesting birds.


Guardian spirits (phonetically analogous to "soul", "spirit" or "power") in the animistic views of the Indians of most Algonquian peoples, which are endowed with every plant, stone and even mechanism.

Manitou is perceived in order to be able to contact the forces of nature. They can be embodied in medicines and amulets. In the mythology of such sub—ethnic groups as Montagnais and Naskapi, Manitou are underwater creatures, the owners of the area, to whom offerings of tobacco are made during travel.


Also called mapinguari or mapinguari or juma (According to Felipe Ferreira Vander Velden, his name is an abbreviation of the words tupi-guarani "mbae", "pi" and "guari", which means "a thing with a bent [or] crooked leg [or] paw") is a monstrous creature living in the Amazon rainforest. In Brazilian mythology, Mapinguari was once an Amazonian shaman who discovered the key to immortality thousands of years ago.

He angered the gods and was severely punished, turning into a wandering beast for the rest of his life.

The Miller

In the folklore of the inhabitants of the Russian north, the spirit is the owner of the mill.


The spirit of the forest, a forest creature from Finnish and Karelian mythology.


The patron goddess of the forests. This spirit helps the animals escape the traps and Chicks that fell from nests. Also knows soitsu herbs and can report them to people if they ask her. The name comes from the Finnish word mielu - good luck.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


A water spirit from Chilean mythology. It is considered the ruler over the waters of all seas, rivers and lakes. A super-strong creature that generates storms, tides and ebbs with a wave of his hands. Externally, he combines the features of a human and a sea lion, while he has golden skin and hair.


In Slavic mythology, the spirit of mossy swamps, the smallest of the forest spirits. These are small, quarter-arshins (17.7 cm), old men who may appear in the form of a pig or a ram.

According to mythology, the moss is able to make people wander in the forest.

Mu cutis

The master spirit of the earth in the mythology of the Komi people. A description of an image and its features in the mythology have not survived.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

The nagual

In the mythology of the Indians of Central America guardian spirit or double-animal. It could have (or implemented it), a sorcerer-shaman.

The nagual (eng. Nagual from of atst. nahualli is to be hidden, concealed) — in the mythology of the Indians of Central America, the guardian spirit, teriomorfny (mythical ability to turn into animal) double.


House spirits in the folklore of the Scandinavian peoples. He looks like a little man helping around the house.

Th of miracles

The master spirit of the swamp in the mythology of the peoples of the Komi Republic.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


Nyakki, the formidable spirit of pools, wells and bridges from Finnish, Estonian and Karelian mythology. It is an evil and beautiful feminine creature with a female body and a fishy back that flatters men. The same as Nyx.


In the folklore of the inhabitants of the Russian North, wild spirit in the guise of a crone who resort to warm up to the bonfire for the burning of old grass in the harrowing.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Ognevushka poskakushka

The Keeper of the gold in the mythology of the residents of the Urals. Takes the shape of a little dancing girl, is seen where gold deposits.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Oh iyase

In the mythology of the Kazan and Siberian Tatars, one of the varieties of oia; the spirit is the owner of the dwelling, the brownie. Literally – the owner of the house.

This is a character of the lower mythology. Correlates with Bashkir oi eyakhe, Mordovian Kudova, yurkhtava.

According to the ideas of the Kazan Tatars, this is a little man with long white hair, dressed like people; he lives underground, sometimes hiding behind a stove.


Ideas about Olysya in the mythology of the peoples of the Komi Republic correspond to the Russian ideas about the home, the spirit-owner of the house and outbuildings for cattle. Its main function is to ensure the well-being of all the inhabitants of the house and livestock. For example, there was a belief that if a widow with young children was not cow the spirit of the house-owner brought her to the barn and milk for the children was provided. But to see the cow could only be the mistress, for others it was invisible.


A house spirit from the mythology of the Shors (a Turkic-speaking people living in the southeastern part of Western Siberia), helping with the household.


The owner of a swamp covered with rust from Belarusian mythology. He has an anthropomorphic, but disproportionate body: a huge belly, thin and long limbs. He draws travelers and animals to him.


The spirit of the bear in Finnish folklore. In some traditions, the bear was considered a man who left the community and transformed by the power of the forest. The bear, of course, is the most revered animal in the beliefs of many peoples. Sustevol was a sacred ritual of Palena, in which the bear's spirit in the form of his skull, which remained in a sacred clearing, people brought gifts.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Asimos of miracles

The master spirit of the well of mythology of the peoples of the Komi Republic called Sims of miracles. Usually neutral to people, but sometimes it starts to show someone or dislike: throws debris, splinters, does not take water. It was believed that marked so people were soon must die.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


The Moonshiner-defender is the guardian spirit of the blooming rye field of their mythology of the Komi peoples, an analogue of the Russian noon.

She was mostly represented as a young woman in green clothes and a scarf, in straw bast shoes, with blue eyes like cornflowers, but he could also be in a male guise (called "half aka").


The essence of the folklore of the Frisians, Saxons and Scandinavians is the forest spirit (similar to the ancient Panu), scaring people or making them wander around more often.

He is also considered an analogue of a brownie, since, according to legend, if he leaves food, he can help with the housework.

It has many names: Pak or Puck, or Puck (English Puck, the Danes have Pokker), and in England it is also called Hob and and Robin's A Nice Guy.


In the folklore of Belarus and the north-west of Russia, the female spirit of the field. She looks like an ordinary woman with her hair down. They turn to her to save or return lost cattle. Can turn into a bird.

Get lost

The mythological character of the Eastern Slavs is probably a demon. It also probably has to do with sea travel.

According to another version, Pereplut is the sacred winged dog Semargl, a deity guarding seeds and crops. He took the frost to the field, called for rain, covered the tubers of plants with earth, drove away birds.

Sometimes he was depicted as a good-natured fat man who constantly eats something.

There is not enough data about it to describe its functions in detail.


In the beliefs of the north-west of Belarus, there is a house spirit that usually lives somewhere under the stove or in the golbets. In his appearance, he resembles a cat if he walked on his hind legs. He is the patron of the house where he lives. He is not averse to joking (for example, to take down some necessary thing in the household from the place where it is usually located to some other place, to hide it). If a stove-maker is treated without due respect, he will howl and scream in the chimney for several nights in a row, rumble with a whip.


In the mythology of the West Siberian Tatars, a forest spirit that appears in the form of a person or various animals. He lives in abandoned hunting huts, loves horses, rides them, confuses his mane, smears it with resin. In the guise of a beautiful woman enters into a love affair with a man. 


Spirit of the house of the Belarusian folklore. It is a hairy creature with human hands and feet, living under the stove. Usually he helps with the housework, but it may choke in my sleep.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Field Worker

The spirit-owner of the field in the mythology of the Eastern Slavs was called a Field Man or Field (Belor. palyavik, Ukrainian polovik).

It is described mainly as a humanoid creature with individual animal, plant and demonic features, which is sometimes accompanied by a strong wind and sparks or lights. Usually this is a tall, long-legged man, overgrown with fiery-colored hair, with bulging eyes, horns, a long tail with a tassel at the end, a beard of ears.

Ukrainians also believed that he had ears like a calf, claws, large teeth and wings.


In Belarusian mythology, the guardian spirit of puni (a room for drying and storing hay, which in different regions of Belarus it can be called differently: xiannitsa (sennitsa), selnitsa (selnitsa), adryna (odrina) and shop).

When The punnik acquires a visible image, then it is seen as a humanoid being, in which it is still more likely to recognize an armful of small dirty hay than a living being, it is covered with dust and debris from hay and dust, dusty strands of cobwebs.


A spirit or ghost in Silesian mythology. According to legend, he lives in coal mines. Kind and caring spirit. Always helps hardworking miners, rewards them with gold. Rescues those lost underground, brings them to the surface. Takes care of the souls of the dead in the mines. Pustetsky warns miners about possible danger during work.

He turns into some small animal, for example, a mouse, and screams a lot. 


In Belarusian folklore, the owner of the forest (restricted area of primeval forest). He is tall, shaggy or overgrown with moss. He is like a tree with long branches (and in some descriptions is bark). Hostile to the people.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


In Belarusian folklore, the owner of a limited area of untouched forest (forest), exclusively hostile to man. It keeps such a frozen, dead silence in it that not only every movement, noise or scream that has arisen, but also the silence itself causes a feeling of terrible fear that penetrates to the bones for no apparent reason.


The spirit is the master bath of the mythology of the peoples of the Komi Republic. Performance mostly the same in the Eastern Slavs. This spirit was considered the most formidable of all the spirits-owners of the house and outbuildings. With his machinations associated stupor or even death after bathing in poorly ventilated "black" room.

Children (up to the appearance of the teeth, i.e. before they transition from an infant moved into the category of "people") who could not leave alone in the bath, he was kidnapped, leaving instead a substitute - Vim.


A creature from Finnish folklore named Pyara is an enriching spirit responsible for material well-being in the house. He brings groceries, and if you really ask, then money. It is not known whether he steals them from other people. Usually the creature appears in the form of a cat.

It is believed that the way people treat stray cats, so Pyara will thank them (it is believed that in the image of a stray cat Pyara checks how kind and responsive people are, and in turn, will support them in difficult times).

Rynish IKE

Ovinnik guardian spirit from the mythology of the peoples of the Komi Republic.

Information about appearance is not fixed. Its main function was the protection from fire of the barn and are in it to dry bread. It was thought that he does not like too much heat, and so the bread was supposed to be dried only once a day. Because of the intense heat he was able to leave his home and unsupervised bread is to die in a fire.


In Finnish folklore, friendly people the spirit of the bath corresponding in its functions East Slavic swab. Appeared in the image is low, similar to human beings. Warns people about the dangers of fire in the bath.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


In the mythology of Switzerland and Northern Italy spirit of the house. It was believed that they can help the economy, help grow crops, but more often conspire against people, spoil food, confused by the tails of horses and cows hide and break utensils. Can take the form of goats, dogs, and bigger balls.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Blue caps

Hard-working miner spirits from English folklore, who demanded a fee for their work.

The spirit manifested itself as a blue light, shimmering in the air, or trolley full of coal, which itself was riding on rails. He could warn miners about cave-ins or lead them to rich deposits of minerals.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


Option of a house can be considered spornikov from Russian mythology of the Gypsies. It is believed that the name came from the word "argue" (to dispute, to argue) in the sense of "abundant, rich, successful." These creatures, resembling small children bring into the house (tent) Gypsy happiness and wealth.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Su babas

Anthropomorphic spirit, the master of water in the mythology of the Kazan and West Siberian Tatars, Kazakhs and Bashkirs.

The Kazan and West Siberian Tatars differed Su Iyase -men (su babas) and women — su anas. ​‌‌​‌‌​ ​‌​‌‌‌‌ ​​​‌​‌ ​​‌​​​ ​​‌​​​ ​‌​​​‌ ​​‌‌​‌ ​​‌‌​‌ ​​‌​‌‌ ​‌​​​‌ ​​‌​​​ ​​‌​​‌ ​‌​​​‌ ​​‌​​‌ ​​‌​​​ ​‌​​‌‌ ​‌​‌​‌​ ​‌‌​‌‌​ ​‌‌‌​‌‌ ​​‌‌‌‌

According to the ideas of Bashkirs, huu eyahe families live in water, they are very rich. The entrance to their palaces is located at the bottom of the reservoir, under a stone. They usually don't hurt people.


God of forest in Finnish and Karelian mythology. He sends good luck to the hunters. In the forest he left a small offering at the stump - "table of Tapio". In the Karelian-Finnish runes Tapio acted as master of the woodland Tapiola (Metsola) and depicted a gray-bearded old man. His wife was the goddess Myslicki (Mettiki), the mistress of the forest.

Tapio was opposed to the Underworld, the evil spirit of the forest, but sometimes identified with him.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


 A horse-headed goblin from Philippine folklore. It is able to transform into people, as well as fly.


In Finnish folklore, the house spirit is called Kotihaltia or Tonttu. It is believed that Kotihaltia is a "real brownie" who lives in every house and keeps order, and Tonttu are house creatures that live in the house of Joulupukki (Finnish Santa Claus). But sometimes these names are mentioned as synonyms.

Trummy Cap

A house spirit from English folklore that lives in the cellar. He looks like a little old man, wearing a hat made of uncoiled ends of threads, which are usually cut by weavers.

Urman iyase

Urman iyas in the mythology and folklore of the Kazan and Siberian Tatars, Bashkir is one of the varieties of the lower spirits - iya; the spirit is the master of the forest, the same as the Shurale. An analogue of the goblin – a character of East Slavic mythology.

It appears in the form of a man with long fingers overgrown with hair, sometimes with a horn in his forehead, or a naked woman. He is afraid of dogs, water: when meeting him, you need to run to a stream or lake. Lures people into the woods, can tickle to death.

Several shurales can live in one forest.


A creature from Flemish folklore. A kind domestic spirit that takes the form of a person or a pet and performs any hard work.


In German folklore the little homemade spirits, which, like a brownie for a modest fee, do your homework. They have red hair and beards, sometimes they are blind. They can turn into cats, bats, snakes, chickens and even small children.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


In Maori mythology, nature spirits capable of taking the form of birds and insects.


Home spirit-protector or patron in Finnish folklore.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


In Japanese folklore, are very jealous spirits are the guardians of the old long bridge, in the form of a women in a white kimono, with white makeup on his face and an iron stand on his head to which are attached five candles.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


The owner of the forest from Karelo-Finnish mythology, who kept bears in humility, not allowing them to attack cattle.


In Japanese folklore, a demon in the form of a shapeless lump of flesh covered with countless blinking yellow eyes. Lives in old temples, protecting them from potential thieves.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Church Makeup

A creature from English and Scandinavian folklore. He was considered the spirit of the church. He could appear in the form of a black dog or a small dark-skinned man.


In Chinese mythology, the guardian spirit of latrines, able to predict the future.


In Chinese mythology, one of nine sons of the dragon-the moon, the inhabitant skate of roofs. Protects the rest of the house, protects against evil and demons.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

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