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This section contains articles on phenomena or versions that may be interesting or useful to researchers of the unexplained facts in one way or another.

Traces

Added Tue, 21/02/2017
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Traces (primarily the prints of the extremities on the surface of the earth) play an important role in phenomena related to the Yettie, the Creature and other creatures that are considered real, but very rare. The traces are important material evidence in determining the course of investigating not only of beings, but his behavior.

Order. to reveal deliberate falsification or prevent the erroneous acceptance of ordinary beings, the mystical, it is useful to understand the principles of fingerprints in the course of interaction with the surrounding reality.

Traces of human feet

The first step is to understand how are formed the footprints of the man on the ground. Make the first step, moving the foot from one foothold to another. As a rule, at first he is focusing on the heel of the foot exposed forward, and then gradually transfers the body weight on the entire foot, and finally making the push with a toe, remaining behind, forcing the body to move forward. Stride length is different for different people and is associated with individual characteristics of the body structure. The average step length is considered to be equal to 0.75 m. Short step speaks of slowness of gait, and a strong push with the toe, leaving a deep footprint and a long stride (85-90 cm) suggests that people have fled.

The depth of the impression depends on the characteristics of the surface (dirt, soil, mud, loose snow, etc.) and footwear (flat shoes gives a shallower depth than shoes with sharp heels). On the trail it is possible to determine the approximate height of a man, as foot length is usually 1/6,5 human growth. For a more precise definition of growth on the trail bare feet you can use the following calculation: when the length of the footprint to 23 cm, it is the number multiplied by 7, with a length of 24 to 27 cm – 6.5, with a length of 28 cm or more – 6.

Normal characteristics of human footprints:

  • stride length: women - 55-70 cm, males are 65-80 cm;
  • a turn angle stop: the women's track 12-18 males - 15-25.

It is also useful to know:

  • almost zero the angle of rotation of the foot during walking is typical for pregnant women and most people carrying any weight;
  • the conclusion about the direction of motion predominantly is in the direction of the toe of the footprint;
  • the greatest depth of the track is in the part that faces in the direction of motion, as toe a person makes a kind of impetus moving forward;
  • the shift of the soil, usually from the front of the track in the direction opposite to the direction of movement;
  • dirt drops are falling with the shoes during the forward movement, while the sharp ends of the drops pointing in the direction of movement of the person;
  • in the viscous ground on the walls of the track are formed with vertical grooves or scratches that are curved upper ends in the direction of motion;
  • footprints in the frozen mud, hard snow Nastia surrounded by cracks, sharp ends are directed in the direction of motion;
  • separate small clumps of soil are thrown forward in the direction of motion, and the footprints in the sand and in the snow, if the foot sinks deep, and formed a small cushion of soil on the side opposite the direction of movement.

Movement "in the tracks" usually forms a dual seal traces in the field trace the sock or the heel, and the depth of the track is much more conventional.

Animal tracks

On the trail of the animal, as well as on the trail of a person, it is easy to determine its behavior and individual characteristics. In addition, on the trail you can often determine the species to which the animal belongs. There are many directories where collected pictures of footprints of various animals and their characteristics (depth, size, distance between the footprints). To determine the species considering the totality of these features, such as a paw print, step (jump), running (gait). The most important feature is the appearance of a trace defined by the form which left his limbs (paw, hoof, foot, etc.). The depth of the track may indicate the mass of creatures, but also depends on the characteristics of the surface (dirt, soil, mud, loose snow, etc.). A significant characteristic is the nature and the trajectory of the animal: for example, foxes, lynxes or wolves often come into their own footprint, with hind feet fall exactly in the prints of the front.

How to get information about the tracks at the scene:

  • to note the presence of extraneous marks and direction of movement;
  • to photograph the entire track of traces and each trace separately next to a ruler (or other object if you don't have a ruler) in order to capture the size of the track;
  • to note the depth of the track, its length and width (in three places: the toe, the intermediate portion, the heel), as well as the size of the fingerprints and the distance between them, the angle of rotation stop;
  • to specify the distance between the tracks and the total length of all the track marks;
  • noteworthy features of tracks, if any.

According to the type and characteristics of the traces can often determine the type of the one who left it, and to determine the possibility of errors or fraud (usually in cases where the characteristics of the track do not match photo or video evidence, eyewitness).

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»


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