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This section contains information about phenomena that are generally believed to have a supernatural, mystical nature, and the very existence of which is currently in doubt.Phenomena Hierarchy

A mystical creature with hooves and his marks

Added Wed, 05/10/2016

There are a huge number of different tracks, which for various reasons are attributed to the unexplained. To this phenomenon we consider only copytophone traces, as in all cases of their appearance stand out common features, distinct from other phenomena, which involve the appearance of unusual marks.

Copytophone traces in many cultures, traditionally associated with evil spirits. Different people consider their source of devils, demons, the devil, and witches with hooves instead of feet, the damned, etc.

Thus, the phenomenon of "traces of the devil" will be considered copytophone signs that have appeared on a variety of surfaces that have certain signs of deviation from the norm (the rate of occurrence, the distance between the prints, etc.)

Stories about the "devil's footprints" is rooted in a remote antiquity. The first mention can be considered the 929 year. In Japan, the territory of the Imperial Palace were "the devil's footprints."

The earliest written reference that we could find dates back to the year 1205. According to Ralph Coggeshall (which also describes the strange phenomenon of his era), writer of the 13th century, 19 Jul 1205, strange hoof prints after a strong storm.

The most famous case is the incident called "traces of the Devil in Devon", which may have occurred in February 1855 around the axe estuary in South Devon. A brief description of this fact: on the night of 7 to 8 February 1855, at 1.00 or 2.00, after a heavy snowfall on the snow appeared copytophone signs. These footprints, most of which had a size of about 4 inches in length and about three inches in width, located at a distance of from eight to sixteen inches apart and following approximately on one straight direction (albeit with small deviations), was discovered in more than thirty places throughout Devon and part of Dorset. It has been estimated that the total length of the route, during which they met was from 40 to 100 miles. Houses, rivers, haystacks, fences and other obstacles did not stop the person who left these footprints: they were found on roofs of houses, their walls up to 14 feet and even the inlet and outlet of the small pipe diameter of four inches. The footprints were so called because some people believed that the traces of Satan, as they supposedly were made with cloven hooves. Many theories have been put forward to explain this incident, and many of its aspects as the accuracy, even at the time have been a doubt; however, this event caused a fairly serious (albeit short-lived and quickly zabyvshiesya) mass hysteria.

There are very few primary sources describing this event. Known only documents found after the publication in 1950 of the article about the incident Devon County historical society, which requested help in finding additional information. After this was discovered, a collection of articles and letters 1850-ies, vicar Elcombe, among which is a letter to him from his friend the vicar Makhrova, containing a letter to the newspaper The Illustrated London News marked "Not for printing" and print traces, allegedly made from nature, and there were found indications of other newspaper articles about this event; it was established the identity of the first who discoursed about the traces correspondent: it was the future curator of one of the museums of Exeter, who at that time was 19 years old.

Only relatively reliable source about an event time close to it spaced, four: letters Ellacombe, letter Makhrova, reporting from Exeter and a letter of the anonymous author to a newspaper in which he suggests that the traces left otter. All subsequent articles, including those mentioned above, and article 1890, the Busk, where he cited the testimony of witnesses, reprinted in 1922, appeared much later, so they should be treated with caution.

There is information about several such incidents in other parts of the world, although none of them had the same scale, as is the case in Devon.

James Clark Ross, wrote that during the Antarctic expedition 1839-1843 years on the island of Kerguelen in 1840 it was discovered a strange horseshoe-shaped traces - first on the ground, in the snow, then on rock where there was no snow. The footprints were similar to the traces of a horse or a donkey, but such animals of the expedition, nor on the island was not.

Fifteen years before the events of the Devonian, in 1840, The Times wrote about that in Scotland, in Glen Orci, March 14, were found strange footprints, like the prints of cloven hooves, at a distance of 12 miles. The one who left them, was if to proceed from the depth of footprints, large size (approximately from large foal) and it was lame.

In The Illustrated London News in March 1855 was published the article of correspondent of the newspaper in Heidelberg, which, citing "authoritative Polish doctor of medicine," reported that on a Sandy Hill in the Kingdom of Poland, on the border with Galicia, such traces are found in the snow (and sometimes in the sand) every year, and the locals believe that leaves them a supernatural being.

1886: New Zealand.

1909: new Jersey, USA, beaches near Gloucester.

1945: Belgium.

1950: back to the Devon (beach).

1952: Scotland.

1954: Brazil.

In the autumn of 1957 in the journal Tomorrow ("Tomorrow") appeared an article by paranormal investigator Eric Dingwall, entitled "the Devil walks again." In it, in particular, cited the story of 26-year-old Colin Wilson (later famous writer) about how in the summer of 1950 in one of the deserted beaches of Devonshire, he saw the smooth and dense surface of wet sand, rammed the sea waves, weird prints like hoof prints.

1974: the slopes of mount Etna, Sicily.

1976: the Alps in the heart of nice and near lake Siljan (Norway).

2000 (January 23): Cleveland (Ohio).

12 Mar 2009 in press reports emerged that night in Devon appeared again the same traces, was even published photographs, but the official science did not give any comments about it.

This can be attributed to various urban legends and little stories about a woman with hooves. They do not have a specific geographic location. Very similar references to people with hooves are almost the entire territory of modern Russia and neighboring countries. Vaguely urban legends have been known to almost all parts of the world.

For example, in the Voronezh region the emergence of "women with hooves" is famous for Verkhnyaya Khava and Kashirsky area. The cases and little stories Upper Chava no longer describe the appearance of the footprints and the "baby". Same case occurred in Kashira district in 1997, rather similar to the Devonian.

Hypothesis of the origin of the "devil's footprints" similar to the hypotheses to explain the traces of incident in Devon.

For many years collecting materials about the event researcher Mike dash has put together all they found primary and secondary sources in the article, "The Devil's Hoofmarks: Source Material on the Great Devon Mystery of 1855" ("traces of the Devil: materials for the study of the great Devon Mystery of 1855"), first published in Fortean Studies in 1994. He, while not denying the reality of the facts, came to the conclusion that it was not and could not be any one "source" of origin of traces: some of them were almost certainly a hoax, some were left quite an ordinary four-legged animals such as donkeys or horses, and some mice. However, he admitted that it cannot explain all reports of tracks (especially those that seem to be found in the cities), and that "a mystery remains".

Conditionally they can be divided into a mystical, natural and a hoax.


  • Balloon. Author Jeffrey Kaushal suggested that the traces left of the pilot balloon, released by mistake from Devonport, through the links at the end of its mooring ropes. The source version was a local resident, major Carter, whose grandfather worked in Devonport at the time. Carter said that the incident was hushed up because the balloon destroyed several conservatories, greenhouses, and Windows before fell to the ground in Hantone. Although this version may explain the trace amounts, it is highly doubtful that the ball could follow such a strict path for a long time and not to be hooked with ropes over a tree or other object.
  • The jumping mouse. Referred to Mike dash in his article indicates that at least some marks, especially found on the roofs of homes, could be left in forest mice, which due to the unusually cold weather rushed into the city. Trace remaining in the snow after a jump of the mouse, similar to cloven hoof due to mouse movement during a jump. Dash argues that the theory of the "mouse factor" appeared in The Illustrated London News in March 1855 (because as the article about the event, despite the request of the vicar, were still printed, for the first time - Feb 13). It was noticed that in some places the traces as if all has been interrupted due to an attack on the mice, birds of prey (e.g., owls), and supposedly next to the tracks and sometimes even have found the bodies of mice. The mouse could also climb along walls and climb through the pipe. Thus, to date, the version of forest mice is the only one that could at least partially explain this event from the point of view of science.
  • Mass hysteria. Moreover, it was assumed that the whole story is the result of a sudden mass hysteria caused by the comparison of various different traces of the same origin (which could be left by cattle, badgers, otters and so on) and their wydawania for a single unit. This includes the version of the origin of traces of known living beings.
  • Kangaroo. In his letter to The Illustrated London News the vicar Makhrov wrote that there were rumors, though from a private menagerie in Sidmouth's seafront escaped kangaroo. However, any sources of information on authenticity of this event is not, how could the kangaroo to cross the estuary - is unclear, and indeed Makhrov wrote then that he made up the story about the kangaroo to calm and distract his congregation that believed that their land was visited by the Devil.


  • The one-legged. According to one version, made by someone unknown, the footprints were left by the animals called the one-legged - it, as reported, first seen in the year 1001 on the island of Labrador a Viking Barf Herealso; the animal had only one leg, but moved with extraordinary speed. However, in the newspaper printed this version, it was said that you can probably believe that the traces left by the Devil than believe in the existence of one-legged.
  • Jack the jumper. The history of Traces of the Devil was also associated with Jack the jumper, the character of the English urban legend of those times. But even if we assume that Jack the jumper actually existed, but this version seems to be very questionable. First, in Devon at the time of the appearance of Jack was not fixed. Second, the description of the traces of the "real" Jack there and they are unlike any found in Devon.

Jack-jumper or Jack-springs-on-heels (Engl. Spring-Heeled Jack), is a character in English folklore of the Victorian era, humanoid creature, notable primarily for its ability to jump amazing heights. The first reports about the appearance of Jack-jumper in London, dated 1837. Later its occurrence was recorded in many places of England, especially in London, its suburbs, Liverpool, Sheffield, Midlands (Central England) and even Scotland. The "peak" was published in the 1850s-1880's years; despite the fact that a number of reports of encounters with Jack from England and even from other countries did in the twentieth century, the last date of its appearance is considered to be 1904.

There are many theories about the nature and identity of Jack the jumper, but none of them is scientifically proven and does not provide affirmative answers to all questions related to the "activity" of Jack. Thus, its history remains unexplained so far, science does not know about the device with which people could commit such Jack jumps, and the fact of his actual existence is disputed by a significant number of historians. The urban legend about Jack the jumper was incredibly popular in England in the second half of the nineteenth century primarily because of its unusual appearance, bizarre aggressive behavior (Jack often attacked people) and the ability to make the incredible height of the jumps, to the point that Jack became the hero of several works of art of European "pulp literature" of the XIX-XX centuries.

The story of Jack the jumper is significant because of two things. First, he has had a huge impact on "comic book culture" of the twentieth century, and that his dress became the prototype of the "superhero (or super villain) costume." Secondly, it is the only one in the history of mankind "reasonable mystical creature", "thing" which was discussed at the level of state institutions, came to the recognition of its reality.


  • There are many versions of the ways of mystification. For example, traces could be left by some "unknown hot metal object".

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

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Phenomenon in mass culture



In the folklore of the inhabitants of the highlands of Scotland FAE, devoid of constantly appearance. It can only be seen by the hoof. When frightened bleats in the goat.

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Creature from the folklore of the Isle of man. Most often he appeared in the guise of a large black calf, but sometimes appears in human form, although in this case it still give the horse's ears or hooves. He is able to grow to monstrous proportions.

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In the folklore of the South Slavs and Slovaks female mythological creature, giving mostly positive effects. Can, however, take revenge on the person for the harm done. Look how adorable slender (rarely - ugly) girls with long (sometimes to the ground) her hair and wings. Magic dressed in long dresses or veils under which they hide legs with hooves.

They can heal, predict death, but they themselves are not immortal. In West Slavic territories forks are described as the dead girl who cannot rest and is able to harm those who wronged them in life.

The Jersey devil

The Jersey devil, or Jersey Devil is known in American folklore for many years. Usually I see it in the lives in the pine Barrens (new Jersey). He's got the body of a kangaroo, horned horse (or goat) head, bat wings, hooves and a snake's tail. Emits eerie cries and leaves traces of hoofs.

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The natives of Primorye believe in the existence of humanoid forest creatures.

It is judetele creature, tall, 3-5 m with a sharp, wedge-shaped head, which is always tied. He has a very long, thin crooked legs, bent at the knees and ending with hooves like moose. Hands Kazaa have 2-3 fingers and biggest "mites". The skin on the face is black and body is covered with thick black fur, smeared with resin of coniferous trees, which, along with the bark it eats.


In the mythology of the peoples of the Komi Republic is an evil force capable of taking human form. During the meal it became clear that he had horse teeth, and instead of feet, cow hooves. It could appear in the form of a tall girl with long braids and blue eyes, dressed in a silk blue dress. She boiled the dumplings well and invite people to taste them. When Kalyan was doused with boiling water, she hid in the well or in the river.

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Mention of Krampus are still in the pre-Christian Germanic folklore. According to some characteristics it exhibits affinity with the satyrs of Greek mythology.


Creature from the Belarusian mythology predispose people to alcoholism. It is a small creature, covered with dark, sparse fur. His head was human, but instead of a nose of a pig's snout, and horns instead of eyebrows. It has a rear pig tail and hooves for feet. It is believed that to see his drunk.

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In French folklore hairy homemade perfume with goat hooves instead of feet, who live in the area and to bring good luck to the house.

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Travel sniffing

Creature from the folklore of the American colonists. His front paws like a bear and the back as a moose. On them he goes alternately changing legs 440 yards (402,3 m), confusing loggers. It is known that he eats lost things.

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Creatures from Greek mythology. They looked like polukonti-half: from the waist down goat and the torso, arms and face chelovecheski, but feathered hair. On his forehead horns, pointed ears and eagle nose. They are Horny and love wine.

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In Philippine folklore (especially among the population of the island of Samar, speaking variscan language) demon goat without horns, but with huge ears, which it flaps as their hands, and with a long tail, which he uses as a whip. Walks away backwards, with his head lowered between the hind legs. It is considered that moving this way, he becomes invisible to people.

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Sylvan in Roman religion, the God of forests and wildlife, he was identified with the Greek Pan. Was considered the founder of between and was the guardian of good-neighbourly relations, a spirit of forest trees and plantations. In addition, the Sylvan protector of cattle.


In medieval English literature, is a creature with gipnotiziruet pattern on the skin. It looks like dolapo monster with a long tail and a long neck and two horns on his head. On his feet hooves.

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Being low growth of the Italian mythology. They increase from one to three feet tall, with curly hair and sparkling eyes, usually wears red. Some of them have got goat feet, and others have no legs. Wearing the caps gives them the ability to become invisible. They live in the forest or in human homes. During the day they hide and at night they come out and start fouling: induce damage to livestock, agricultural tools break, break glasses bend spoons, ruffled the hair of sleeping women, and give people nightmares. Sometimes can attack a woman and rape.

Man-goat from Maryland

Creature from urban legends USA. Maryland monster (or Goatmen) wanders in the area of Beltsville and attacks with an axe at passing cars. It's a creature with human body and goat legs. Throughout the body the creature rostet long thick coat. He also has a goat's head with long, curved horns, his eyes are red and burning.

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Hell (same as BES and is close to the concept of the devil). He has quite a lot of different names because the name of a demon from hell the name of hell was not supposed to say aloud: Satan, anchutka bezp'iatne, just "bezp'iatne", goat-legged demon, an unclean, wicked, accursed, wicked, unclean, unspeakable, the enemy of mankind, the jester, etc. V. I. Dahl and S. V. Maximov list over a hundred names euphemisms. In English devil. Close to him the images of the Baltic velnias (lit. velnias), Shaytan in Islamic Nations, Surt German-Scandinavians.


The character of miners ' folklore in the Donbass.

It is the spirit of miners, like a dwarf, "the mine owner" and the patron Saint of miners. appears in the image of the old miner, coughing like an old man, with bright glowing eyes, hairy hooves. Shubin likes to joke: scare the miners, broke suddenly in the darkness laugh, or missing leg. He supposedly lives in the far or in a long-abandoned mines, which can go unnoticed. Has tremendous power.

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