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This section contains information about phenomena that are generally believed to have a supernatural, mystical nature, and the very existence of which is currently in doubt.Phenomena Hierarchy

Spontaneous human combustion

Hierarchy
Added Tue, 04/10/2016
Sources
Attributes
fire with no apparent source
spontaneous combustion
thermal effects on the body

To the fire phenomena can be attributed to three main types:

In this article we will describe the phenomenon of spontaneous combustion of the man.

Spontaneous human combustion is a phenomenon in which people allegedly can ignite with no apparent external source of ignition.

The legend of spontaneous human combustion came to us from antiquity, but only since the early eighteenth century, when such cases began to be recorded in the official documents, including police records, they were considered quite reliable.

For example, it is believed that the first mention of the phenomenon of spontaneous human combustion was in the Bible: "the People began to murmur aloud to the Lord; and the Lord heard and His anger was kindled, and kindled them a fire of the Lord, and started to destroy the edge of the camp. (Num.11:1)"

In the old days, the cases of spontaneous combustion were told that the man burned the "devil's fire" incinerated Satan. People believed that the victim was sold to the Prince of darkness his soul, but then violated their secret agreement, for her and caught up with wages.

Later, in the XVII century, there was a more rational explanation: that the victims of spontaneous combustion become chronic alcoholics, whose bodies soaked with alcohol and therefore flare up from a spark, especially if the deceased was a smoker.

Medieval literature also records cases of human spontaneous combustion: for example, during the reign of Queen Bona Sforza (between 1515 and 1557) in Milan in front of their parents, and sons killed knight Polonia Worthy: after two buckets of drinking wine, he suddenly began to spew flames from his mouth and burned.

More detailed evidence about human spontaneous combustion appear since the eighteenth century.

The first documentedstory of spontaneous human combustion is the case, remaining in the records of the Danish anatomist Thomas Bartolina. In 1663 he investigated and described the case as a woman in Paris "turned into ashes and smoke" while she was sleeping, but a straw mattress on which she lay, remained unharmed.

In 1731 under mysterious circumstances in the Italian city of Cesena died, the Countess Cornelia di Bandi: in the bedroom, found her legs, clad in stockings, and part of the skull.

In April 1744 in Ipswich (England) daughter of 60-year-old alcoholic Griess Pet found his father dead on the floor of the house: in her words, "it burned without fire, like a bundle of firewood". Clothing on the man was almost not damaged as was made out of asbestos.

The first reliable evidence about the case of human combustion refers to 1763 when Frenchman John DuPont has published a book with a collection of cases of human spontaneous combustion under the name "De Incendiis Corporis Humani Spontaneis". In it, among other things, he mentions the case of Nicolas millet, who was acquitted from charges of murdering his wife, when the court is satisfied that she died as a result of spontaneous combustion. The wife of Millais, heavy drinkers Parisian, was discovered at home, when she was just a pile of ashes, a skull and finger bones. A straw mattress on which she was found, was only slightly damaged, as was impregnated with a non-flammable composition (obviously, this description of the case, considered the first. see above).

About 1853 in Columbus (Ohio) caught fire and was devoured by flames guts a liquor store owner, a German by nationality. This case was invented by Charles Dickens in the Preface to the second edition of his novel "bleak house", which described a fictional case of human spontaneous combustion.

In 1861, literary critic and philosopher George Henry Lewes published his correspondence with Dickens, in which he accused the writer in the spread of fables:

"In these notes, usually written, that the human body is oily soot, Yes, some remains of bones. We all know that this can not be".

In 1870, the Professor of forensic medicine of the University of Aberdeen has published an article On "spontaneous Combustion". In it he wrote that he had found 54 contemporary scientists who have ever written about human spontaneous combustion, 35 of them clearly expressed their opinions about this phenomenon.

Five (including the Justus Liebig) argued that spontaneous combustion is impossible, and that all documented cases are a hoax.

Three (including Guillaume Dupuytren) believed that cases of spontaneous combustion were real, however, have a different nature, namely: there was some external source of fire.

Twenty-seven researchers (Including Patient and Orfila) insisted that spontaneous combustion of the human body is possible.

In the twentieth century recorded 19 phenomena of spontaneous combustion of person.

Known to the coroner of London, doctor of medicine Kevin Thurston, in 1961, published in "Health law journal" article that "there are a number of completely reliable evidence of the combustion of a human without the participation of any combustible materials. However, as a rule, there is no damage to nearby flammable materials."

For all time of existence of the phenomenon was proposed many hypotheses explaining this phenomenon.

  • On the human body, one way or another, affected by various entities not of our world.
  • Alcohol body of an alcoholic can be ignited by careless Smoking.
  • Spontaneous combustion is a well-disguised murder.
  • Household accident. When clothes accidentally caught and combustibles to ignite the slightest spark or a gas leak. For example, we can distinguish the hypothesis of Alan Baird and Dougal of Drysdale: suppose a person works in a garage and usually cleans your clothes from detritus with a compressed air jet, but this time cleared jumpsuit with a stream of pure oxygen for a while, but very significantly increased the Flammability of clothing. Enough a lit cigarette to the man was enveloped in flames. Or the story is originally from New Zealand, where in the 30 years of the twentieth century the explosive spontaneous combustion killed or wounded farmers. Presumably, the reason was sodium chlorate (used as a herbicide against the harmful weed ambrosia), which was snowshovels of the friction; the blows he was especially sensitive.
  • The effect of the human candle. The Human candle effect is the phenomenon when the victim's clothing is soaked with melted human fat and begins to act as wick candles. Such a phenomenon can indeed occur under certain conditions. Theory suggests an external source of ignition: after he runs out, combustion will continue because of the decay of fat. In judicial practice there are several cases that demonstrate this effect.
  • The hypothesis of ignition from static electricity, based on the fact that under certain conditions the human body can accumulate an electrostatic charge such that when the discharge can ignite clothing.
  • In 1996, John Heimer, after analyzing a number of cases of spontaneous combustion, suggested that a psychosomatic disorder in people suffering from depression, can lead to release of hydrogen and oxygen from the human body and the beginning of a chain reaction of implosions mitochondrions.
  • Russian researcher, doctor of physical and mathematical Sciences Gennady Shipov agrees with his British counterpart in the fact that pyrokinesis is a particular manifestation of poltergeist, when you are in an altered state of consciousness the human brain is the physical referent spontaneous fluctuations of the quantum vacuum.
  • Larry Arnold (chair of the organization of ParaScience International) in his book "Ablaze!" (1995) suggested that the cause of spontaneous combustion may be as yet unknown subatomic particle called dirotonom emitted by cosmic rays. Typically, the particle freely passes through the human body without causing harm (like neutrinos), but sometimes it can hurt the cell nucleus and cause a chain reaction that can completely destroy a human body. This hypothesis was not supported. In the magazine Fortean Times Ian Simmons reacted on this hypothesis: "evidence of the existence of such a particle is not, and to invent her only in order to explain human spontaneous combustion is a stupid idea".
  • Cases of human spontaneous combustion caused by the discharge of the ball lightning.
  • The age hypothesis proposes that in old age the body start to occur unknown to science processes, which can lead to spontaneous combustion.
  • Some scientists suggest that the unknown metabolism in the stomach and intestine can lead to the creation of flammable biological compounds.
  • The Japanese Haruki ito has put forward a rather original version: the cause of spontaneous combustion of the human in changing the flow of time, when owing to any circumstances within the body is slowing sharply physical processes (including the movement of atoms), and on the skin's surface, their velocity remains constant. In this case, the heat generated is not enough to transmitted in space and incinerates the man.
  • English chemist John Ronald from Boston University announced that the culprit can be a special bacteria that eat the sugars in the human body, and produces volatile combustibles. Calms only that this bacterium has not been discovered, it exists only in the form of a computer model.
  • Today among researchers of the phenomenon of pyrokinesis is gaining popularity very new, original hypothesis. According to her, in addition to the well-known types of fields, perople with the ability to heat the protein matter.
  • Candidate of technical Sciences Anatoly Stekhin, senior researcher, research Institute of human ecology and environmental health Russian Academy of medical Sciences believes that the cause of spontaneous human combustion can be considered cold-plasma burning. "Man on three quarters consists of liquid formations, the scholar maintains. - Roughly speaking, from the water. Free radicals in its molecules are able to "pick up" energy. This can be either solar energy, or biological. In exceptional cases, it is the flow of photons breaks out. This is the cold-plasma burning. When it is external body temperature does not exceed 36 degrees, and the inner reaches 2000 degrees. Almost twice higher than in furnaces of the crematorium!"
  • Swiss scientist Ludwig Schumacher came to the conclusion that supposedly exist in nature, but unknown to the science of radiation and "energy beams", interacting with the human biofield, able to spontaneously call heavy duty flash, which leads to spontaneous combustion. {"AustrealAsia" 2001, N 14, p.108-109}[9]
  • The fire comes from "short circuit" of energy Qi in the man.
  • Cause of spontaneous combustion is self-hypnosis. The principle is the same as stigmatic.

The features of the phenomenon, making it unexplained:

  1. Human combustion is happening inside. Internal organs more damaged than the outside.
  2. Ignition occurs without apparent source.
  3. Surrounding objects slightly damaged, even if they are highly flammable.
  4. The human body is when spontaneous combustion burns much more thoroughly than with conventional ignition. Damage, however, distributed unevenly throughout the body: sometimes there is a skull, and, less frequently, limbs (sometimes partly ash and partly intact parts of the body). In order for the human bones turned to ash, the necessary temperature above 1700 °C, while in crematoriums use temperatures of about 1100 °C, and for complete combustion of the corpse is required to split the bone.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

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